Get to Know Diabetes
Current statistics for diabetes in the United States:
- Approximately 1 out of 11 people have diabetes.
- Of those with diabetes, 1 out of 4 is unaware of it.
- More than 1 in 3 adults has prediabetes
- Of those with prediabetes, 9 out of 10 are unaware of it.
- Age 30 and older: Get screened if you have risk factors
- Age 45 and older: Get screened by your doctor every three years
To find a doctor and schedule your screening, log in to My Health Toolkit®, select the Resources tab, then Find a Doctor or Hospital.
These characteristics can increase your risk for Type 2 diabetes:
- Being age 45 or older
- Being overweight and/or physically inactive
- Having high blood pressure
- Having low HDL cholesterol and/or high triglycerides
- Having a family history of diabetes
- Having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
Recognize the Symptoms
Here are some typical symptoms of diabetes. Some people with Type 2 diabetes, however, have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry even after eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
- Inability to maintain weight (Type 1)
- Tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet (Type 2)
Before developing Type 2 diabetes, a person will almost always have prediabetes — with blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. People with prediabetes do not automatically develop Type 2 diabetes. If you are, however, in this category, now is the time for preventive action!
Research shows that you can lower your risk for Type 2 diabetes by 58 percent if you: